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REVIEW SHEET FOR  QUARTERLY EXAM 1

Page history last edited by Mr. Hengsterman 6 years, 1 month ago

 

 

United States History and Government
Quarterly Exam #1 Review Sheet



 

#1 UNITED STATES GEOGRAPHY

 

How has geography influenced the course of US History?

 
Location of English settlements in North America?


How was the economy of New England impacted by its location?

Case Study: Plymouth, 1620

 

How was economy of the South impacted by its location?  
Case Study: Jamestown 1607

 

Identify the western boundary for British colonial settlements prior to the Revolutionary War?

 

 

Role of River systems:

Case Study: the Mississippi River 

 



#2 EVOLUTION of THE AMERICAN CHARACTER

 

SLAVERY

 Colonial trade routes and triangle trade;  Once again... Slavery in the colonies -  concentrated in areas suitable for large plantations

 

GOVERNMENT:  An evolutionary process to self government

Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights - placed limits on the powers of the government

 

Steps toward Self government:

The Mayflower Compact, New England town meetings, and the Virginia House of Burgesses

 

Important Thinkers of the Enlightenment

John Locke’s social contract theory of government?

 



 

#3 PRE REVOLUTIONARY BRITISH POLICY


Salutary neglect

 

Mercantilism

 

Albany Plan of Union (1754) Pro/Cons

 

Imperial Tax Policy 1763 to 1776“No taxation without representation,” the consent of the governed

 

Thomas Paine, Common Sense, 1776

 

Declaration of Independence used the phrase “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness”

Click Here: To Review the steps toward independence  

 



 

#4 ARTICLES of CONFEDERATION

Articles of Confederation (Strengths and Weakness)

 

 

Shays Rebellion of 1786
We can't control  control our own people...time to call a convention and fix the Articles!

 

Success of the Articles

The Land Ordinance of 1785 and Northwest Ordinance of 1787

 



 

#5 THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION

The Constitutional Convention (Simon Starr)
Why was called? Where was it held? Who showed up? What id they accomplish? 

 

 

Compromises at the Constitutional Convention (What were they?)

 

REVIEW CONFEDERATION TO CONSTITUTION 

 

 

# 6 RATIFICATION of the NEW CONSTITUTION


Review the Ratification Process

 

 

Federalists vs Anti Federalist

Importance of each group and the influence of the The Federalist Papers

 

 


 

#6 THE U.S. CONSTITUTION
Federalism
This will be the most missed question on the exam!

 

Checks and Balances/Separation of Powers

Making sure the new government doesn't have concentrated power in one branch

 

Flexibility of the Constitution 

Amendment process (Bill of Rights) Elastic Clause and Judicial Review  

 

 

Loose vs Strict interpretation of the Constitution

CASE STUDIES: Bank of the US (1791) and Louisiana Purchase (1803)

 

 

Unwritten Constitution

Practices and traditions that evolved over time 

 



PLEASE NOTE: Big Picture content on Presidential Policy makes for some great essay material!!!!



 

 

 

THE NEW NATION 

The Presidency of George Washington   Washington Precedents Exemplar.pdf


Alexander Hamilton financial plan (B.E.T)
Washington uses his cabinet to promote economic policy 

 

 

George Washington and the Whiskey Rebellion

Washington uses his power to make sure the laws are faithfully executed

 

 

George Washington Proclamation of Neutrality (1793) and Farewell Address, 1796

 


The Presidency of John Adams

 

Alien and Sedition Acts (1798)

Potential war with France leads to a violation of the first amendment 

 

 

The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions (1798)

States claim the right to declare federal law " null and void" 

 


The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson

The Purchase of Louisiana (1803)

TJ loosely interprets his treaty making powers to secure the best land deal ever!

 

Marbury v. Madison and Judicial Review (1803)

See notes:  Flexibility of the Constitution 

 

The Embargo Act (1807)

Jefferson promotes American neutrality, crushes the American economy 
 


 

 

The Presidency of James Madison

James Madison and the The War of 1812
Debate over the War of 1812; The Hartford Convention

 


The Presidency of James Monroe

The Era of Good Feelings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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