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FDR and the New Deal

Page history last edited by Mr. Hengsterman 9 years, 5 months ago


New Deal Programs – Relief, Recovery, Reform
Video Clip: Mandate - the President and the People (start at 25:08 stop at 30:17)



The Election of 1932







The Great Depression is a transformative event on many levels. It puts the government in the lives of people and provides security (structural support) to them. We did not employ a socialist government. We did not abandon capitalism. Some claimed FDR went too far, others claimed he did not go far enough. We worked within the system to address economic failures (a continuation of progressive ideals)









What does 25 percent Unemployment look like?


First 100 Days : the time period FDR requested from the people to let him make a difference. It runs from March 9, 1933 until June 16, 1933. Congress passed more than 15 major pieces of New Deal Legislation They represent a response to the immediate emergency.

Review: The Government's Role in the Economy


New Deal Cartoon Explained


First New Deal Second New Deal
Covers the period 1933-1935 and includes all the legislation that is passed to help America bounce back as quick as possible Covers the period 1935-1938 and includes the legislation which focused on social reform, unemployment and illness




Relief FDR wanted relief given to persons in need by providing them with money, loans and jobs.

Measures adopted to restore confidence and provide support … largely successful, some evolved standard banking policy

Emergency banking bill
Glass Steagall Act to curb speculation

Civilian Conservation Corps to provide work for unemployed youth
Works Progress Administration to provide work

Public Works Administration


Recovery FDR wanted to provide recovery for business and agriculture by passing laws that would assist them in getting back on their feet

Measures adopted to provide economic recovery; effective in the short term? … but were controversial and led to a discussion of government role … e.g., supreme court ruling on TVA and NRA

Tennessee Valley Authority for regional development and energy generation

Agricultural Adjustment Act to control production levels

National industrial Recovery Act to curb over production

National Recovery Act to establish codes and price quotas




Reform FDR wanted to establish reform by passing legislation that would prevent another depression from ever happening again

Measures focused on reforming business practices; milestone measures in creation of the modern welfare state?

Securities and Exchange Commission to regulate stock market

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to insure bank deposit

Wagner Act: establishes the National Labor Relations Board; offers protection for labor

Social Security Act provides pension for workers




Legacy of the New Deal



Top Ten New Deal Programs



The First Gallop Poll



Depression Era Images - The Photographs of Dorothea Lange













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